Factors of Work Environments

The place of employment is the main indicator for this aspect of the work environment.

Indoors or outdoors – Indoor workplaces could be anywhere from an office or factory to a shop or a hospital. Outdoor work might be on a farm, building site or in a residential area. Some job roles offer a mix of indoor and outdoor work. For example, a real estate agent will spend some time in the office and other parts of the day at property viewings.


Safety protocols – Every work location will have its own safety protocols for employees to follow. In high-risk environments, these tend to be very strict. Often, an organization with strict guidelines in one area tends to be very formal in other areas too. For example, in a factory environment, there will be many health and safety rules to follow. There will also be strict shift patterns and a staff uniform.

  • Size – The size of the physical space and its layout will have a bearing on the work environment. Its proximity to other businesses and local places will also be a factor.

  • Equipment and furnishings – The types of premises and business purpose will determine the equipment required. For example, an office will have workstations, IT equipment, and printing facilities. A hospital will have several different departments, each with its own specialist equipment. The furnishings will also impact the work environment. For employees working outdoors, employers might offer a comfortable indoor space for rest breaks. Many include facilities like coffee machines, comfortable seating, and on-site fitness areas.

Creating an appealing physical environment helps to improve staff wellbeing. This can lead to improved productivity, helping employees to achieve their full potential.

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