A Financial Year (FY) is the period between 1 April and 31 March – the accounting year in which you earn an income.
The assessment year (AY) is the year that comes after the FY. This is the time in which the income earned during FY is assessed and taxed. Both FY and AY start on 1 April and end on 31 March. For instance, for FY 2020-21, the assessment year is AY 2021-22.
FY is the year in which you earn an income. AY is the year following the financial year in which you have to evaluate the previous year’s income and pay taxes on it.
For instance, if your financial year is from 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2021, then it is known as FY 2020-21. The assessment year for the money earned during this period would begin after the financial year ends – that is from 1 April 2021 to 31 March 2022. Hence, the assessment year would be AY 2022-22.
In India, the government's financial year runs from 1 April to 31 March the following year. The financial year from 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2021 would generally be abbreviated as FY 2020-21, but it may also be called FY 2021 on the basis of the ending year.
Have great Financial Year, ahead
Navin varshachya anek shubhechha